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Este es el código fuente. Abajo indicaremos como se usa:


#!/usr/bin/python
# Name: neopi.py
# Description: Utility to scan a file path for encrypted and obfuscated files
# Authors: Ben Hagen (Esta dirección de correo electrónico está siendo protegida contra los robots de spam. Necesita tener JavaScript habilitado para poder verlo.)
# Scott Behrens (Esta dirección de correo electrónico está siendo protegida contra los robots de spam. Necesita tener JavaScript habilitado para poder verlo.)
#
# Date: 11/4/2010
#
# pep-0008 - Is stupid. TABS FO'EVER!

# Try catch regular expressions/bad path/bad filename/bad regex/

# Library imports
import math
import sys
import os
import re
import csv
import zlib
import time
from collections import defaultdict
from optparse import OptionParser

#
# Globals
#
   
# Smallest filesize to checkfor in bytes.
SMALLEST = 60

class LanguageIC:
   """Class that calculates a file's Index of Coincidence as
as well as a a subset of files average Index of Coincidence.
"""
   def __init__(self):
       """Initialize results arrays as well as character counters."""
       self.char_count = defaultdict(int)
       self.total_char_count = 0
       self.results = []
       self.ic_total_results = ""

   def calculate_char_count(self,data):
       """Method to calculate character counts for a particular data file."""
       if not data:
           return 0
       for x in range(256):
           char = chr(x)
           charcount = data.count(char)
           self.char_count[char] += charcount
           self.total_char_count += charcount
       return

   def calculate_IC(self):
       """Calculate the Index of Coincidence for the self variables"""
       total = 0
       for val in self.char_count.values():

           if val == 0:
               continue
           total += val * (val-1)

       try:
           ic_total = float(total)/(self.total_char_count * (self.total_char_count - 1))
       except:
           ic_total = 0
       self.ic_total_results = ic_total
       return

   def calculate(self,data,filename):
       """Calculate the Index of Coincidence for a file and append to self.ic_results array"""
       if not data:
           return 0
       char_count = 0
       total_char_count = 0

       for x in range(256):
           char = chr(x)
           charcount = data.count(char)
           char_count += charcount * (charcount - 1)
           total_char_count += charcount

       ic = float(char_count)/(total_char_count * (total_char_count - 1))
       self.results.append({"filename":filename, "value":ic})
       # Call method to calculate_char_count and append to total_char_count
       self.calculate_char_count(data)
       return ic

   def sort(self):
       self.results.sort(key=lambda item: item["value"])
       self.results = resultsAddRank(self.results)

   def printer(self, count):
       """Print the top signature count match files for a given search"""
       # Calculate the Total IC for a Search
       self.calculate_IC()
       print "\n[[ Average IC for Search ]]"
       print self.ic_total_results
       print "\n[[ Top %i lowest IC files ]]" % (count)
       if (count > len(self.results)): count = len(self.results)
       for x in range(count):
           print ' {0:>7.4f}{1}'.format(self.results[x]["value"], self.results[x]["filename"])
       return

class Entropy:
   """Class that calculates a file's Entropy."""

   def __init__(self):
       """Instantiate the entropy_results array."""
       self.results = []

   def calculate(self,data,filename):
       """Calculate the entropy for 'data' and append result to entropy_results array."""

       if not data:
           return 0
       entropy = 0
       self.stripped_data =data.replace(' ', '')
       for x in range(256):
           p_x = float(self.stripped_data.count(chr(x)))/len(self.stripped_data)
           if p_x > 0:
               entropy += - p_x * math.log(p_x, 2)
       self.results.append({"filename":filename, "value":entropy})
       return entropy

   def sort(self):
       self.results.sort(key=lambda item: item["value"])
       self.results.reverse()
       self.results = resultsAddRank(self.results)

   def printer(self, count):
       """Print the top signature count match files for a given search"""
       print "\n[[ Top %i entropic files for a given search ]]" % (count)
       if (count > len(self.results)): count = len(self.results)
       for x in range(count):
           print ' {0:>7.4f}{1}'.format(self.results[x]["value"], self.results[x]["filename"])
       return

class LongestWord:
   """Class that determines the longest word for a particular file."""
   def __init__(self):
       """Instantiate the longestword_results array."""
       self.results = []

   def calculate(self,data,filename):
       """Find the longest word in a string and append to longestword_results array"""
       if not data:
           return "", 0
       longest = 0
       longest_word = ""
       words = re.split("[\s,\n,\r]", data)
       if words:
           for word in words:
               length = len(word)
               if length > longest:
                   longest = length
                   longest_word = word
       self.results.append({"filename":filename, "value":longest})
       return longest

   def sort(self):
       self.results.sort(key=lambda item: item["value"])
       self.results.reverse()
       self.results = resultsAddRank(self.results)

   def printer(self, count):
       """Print the top signature count match files for a given search"""
       print "\n[[ Top %i longest word files ]]" % (count)
       if (count > len(self.results)): count = len(self.results)
       for x in range(count):
           print ' {0:>7}{1}'.format(self.results[x]["value"], self.results[x]["filename"])
       return

class SignatureNasty:
   """Generator that searches a given file for nasty expressions"""

   def __init__(self):
       """Instantiate the results array."""
       self.results = []

   def calculate(self, data, filename):
       if not data:
           return "", 0
       # Lots taken from the wonderful post at http://stackoverflow.com/questions/3115559/exploitable-php-functions
       valid_regex = re.compile('(eval\(|file_put_contents|base64_decode|python_eval|exec\(|passthru|popen|proc_open|pcntl|assert\(|system\(|shell)', re.I)
       matches = re.findall(valid_regex, data)
       self.results.append({"filename":filename, "value":len(matches)})
       return len(matches)

   def sort(self):
       self.results.sort(key=lambda item: item["value"])
       self.results.reverse()
       self.results = resultsAddRank(self.results)

   def printer(self, count):
       """Print the top signature count match files for a given search"""
       print "\n[[ Top %i signature match counts ]]" % (count)
       if (count > len(self.results)): count = len(self.results)
       for x in range(count):
           print ' {0:>7}{1}'.format(self.results[x]["value"], self.results[x]["filename"])
       return

class SignatureSuperNasty:
   """Generator that searches a given file for SUPER-nasty expressions (These are almost always bad!)"""

   def __init__(self):
       """Instantiate the results array."""
       self.results = []

   def calculate(self, data, filename):
       if not data:
           return "", 0
       valid_regex = re.compile('(@\$_\[\]=|\$_=@\$_GET|\$_\[\+""\]=)', re.I)
       matches = re.findall(valid_regex, data)
       self.results.append({"filename":filename, "value":len(matches)})
       return len(matches)

   def sort(self):
       self.results.sort(key=lambda item: item["value"])
       self.results.reverse()
       self.results = resultsAddRank(self.results)

   def printer(self, count):
       """Print the top signature count match files for a given search"""
       print "\n[[ Top %i SUPER-signature match counts (These are usually bad!) ]]" % (count)
       if (count > len(self.results)): count = len(self.results)
       for x in range(count):
           print ' {0:>7}{1}'.format(self.results[x]["value"], self.results[x]["filename"])
       return

class UsesEval:
   """Generator that searches a given file for nasty eval with variable"""

   def __init__(self):
      """Instantiate the eval_results array."""
      self.results = []

   def calculate(self, data, filename):
      if not data:
               return "", 0
           # Lots taken from the wonderful post at http://stackoverflow.com/questions/3115559/exploitable-php-functions
      valid_regex = re.compile('(eval\(\$(\w|\d))', re.I)
      matches = re.findall(valid_regex, data)
      self.results.append({"filename":filename, "value":len(matches)})
      return len(matches)

   def sort(self):
      self.results.sort(key=lambda item: item["value"])
      self.results.reverse()
      self.results = resultsAddRank(self.results)

   def printer(self, count):
      """Print the files that use eval"""
      print "\n[[ Top %i eval match counts ]]" % (count)
      if (count > len(self.results)): count = len(self.results)
      for x in range(count):
        print ' {0:>7}{1}'.format(self.results[x]["value"], self.results[x]["filename"])
      return


class Compression:
   """Generator finds compression ratio"""

   def __init__(self):
       """Instantiate the results array."""
       self.results = []

   def calculate(self, data, filename):
       if not data:
           return "", 0
       compressed = zlib.compress(data)
       ratio = float(len(compressed)) / float(len(data))
       self.results.append({"filename":filename, "value":ratio})
       return ratio

   def sort(self):
       self.results.sort(key=lambda item: item["value"])
       self.results.reverse()
       self.results = resultsAddRank(self.results)

   def printer(self, count):
       """Print the top files for a given search"""
       print "\n[[ Top %i compression match counts ]]" % (count)
       if (count > len(self.results)): count = len(self.results)
       for x in range(count):
           print ' {0:>7.4f}{1}'.format(self.results[x]["value"], self.results[x]["filename"])
       return

def resultsAddRank(results):
   rank = 1
   offset = 1
   previousValue = False
   newList = []
   for file in results:
       if (previousValue and previousValue != file["value"]):
           rank = offset
       file["rank"] = rank
       newList.append(file)
       previousValue = file["value"]
       offset = offset + 1
   return newList

class SearchFile:
   """Generator that searches a given filepath with an optional regular
expression and returns the filepath and filename"""
   def search_file_path(self, args, valid_regex):
       for root, dirs, files in os.walk(args[0]):
           for file in files:
               filename = os.path.join(root, file)
               if (valid_regex.search(file) and os.path.getsize(filename) > SMALLEST):
                   try:
                       data = open(root + "/" + file, 'rb').read()
                   except:
                       data = False
                       print "Could not read file :: %s/%s" % (root, file)
                   yield data, filename

if __name__ == "__main__":
   """Parse all the options"""

   timeStart = time.clock()

   print """
) ( (
( /( )\ ))\ )
)\()) ( (()/(()/(
((_)\ ))\ ( /(_))(_))
_((_)/((_))\(_))(_))
| \| (_)) ((_) _ \_ _|
| .` / -_) _ \ _/| |
|_|\_\___\___/_| |___| Ver. *.USEGIT
"""

   parser = OptionParser(usage="usage: %prog [options] <start directory> <OPTIONAL: filename regex>",
                         version="%prog 1.0")
   parser.add_option("-c", "--csv",
                     action="store",
                     dest="is_csv",
                     default=False,
                     help="generate CSV outfile",
                     metavar="FILECSV")
   parser.add_option("-a", "--all",
                     action="store_true",
                     dest="is_all",
                     default=False,
                     help="Run all (useful) tests [Entropy, Longest Word, IC, Signature]",)
   parser.add_option("-z", "--zlib",
                     action="store_true",
                     dest="is_zlib",
                     default=False,
                     help="Run compression Test",)
   parser.add_option("-e", "--entropy",
                     action="store_true",
                     dest="is_entropy",
                     default=False,
                     help="Run entropy Test",)
   parser.add_option("-E", "--eval",
                     action="store_true",
                     dest="is_eval",
                     default=False,
                     help="Run signiture test for the eval",)
   parser.add_option("-l", "--longestword",
                     action="store_true",
                     dest="is_longest",
                     default=False,
                     help="Run longest word test",)
   parser.add_option("-i", "--ic",
                     action="store_true",
                     dest="is_ic",
                     default=False,
                     help="Run IC test",)
   parser.add_option("-s", "--signature",
                     action="store_true",
                     dest="is_signature",
                     default=False,
                     help="Run signature test",)
   parser.add_option("-S", "--supersignature",
                     action="store_true",
                     dest="is_supersignature",
                     default=False,
                     help="Run SUPER-signature test",)
   parser.add_option("-A", "--auto",
                     action="store_true",
                     dest="is_auto",
                     default=False,
                     help="Run auto file extension tests",)
   parser.add_option("-u", "--unicode",
                     action="store_true",
                     dest="ignore_unicode",
                     default=False,
                     help="Skip over unicode-y/UTF'y files",)

   (options, args) = parser.parse_args()

   # Error on invalid number of arguements
   if len(args) < 1:
       parser.print_help()
       print ""
       sys.exit()

   # Error on an invalid path
   if os.path.exists(args[0]) == False:
       parser.error("Invalid path")

   valid_regex = ""
   if (len(args) == 2 and options.is_auto is False):
       try:
           valid_regex = re.compile(args[1])
       except:
           parser.error("Invalid regular expression")
   else:
       valid_regex = re.compile('.*')
   tests = []

   if options.is_auto:
       valid_regex = re.compile('(\.php|\.asp|\.aspx|\.scath|\.bash|\.zsh|\.csh|\.tsch|\.pl|\.py|\.txt|\.cgi|\.cfm|\.htaccess)$')

   if options.is_all:
       tests.append(LanguageIC())
       tests.append(Entropy())
       tests.append(LongestWord())
       tests.append(SignatureNasty())
       tests.append(SignatureSuperNasty())
   else:
       if options.is_entropy:
           tests.append(Entropy())
       if options.is_longest:
           tests.append(LongestWord())
       if options.is_ic:
           tests.append(LanguageIC())
       if options.is_signature:
           tests.append(SignatureNasty())
       if options.is_supersignature:
           tests.append(SignatureSuperNasty())
       if options.is_eval:
           tests.append(UsesEval())
       if options.is_zlib:
           tests.append(Compression())

   # Instantiate the Generator Class used for searching, opening, and reading files
   locator = SearchFile()

   # CSV file output array
   csv_array = []
   csv_header = ["filename"]

   # Grab the file and calculate each test against file
   fileCount = 0
   fileIgnoreCount = 0
   for data, filename in locator.search_file_path(args, valid_regex):
       if data:
           # a row array for the CSV
           csv_row = []
           csv_row.append(filename)

           if options.ignore_unicode:
               asciiHighCount = 0
               for character in data:
                   if ord(character) > 127:
                       asciiHighCount = asciiHighCount + 1

               fileAsciiHighRatio = float(asciiHighCount) / float(len(data))

           if (options.ignore_unicode == False or fileAsciiHighRatio < .1):
               for test in tests:
                   calculated_value = test.calculate(data, filename)
                   # Make the header row if it hasn't been fully populated, +1 here to account for filename column
                   if len(csv_header) < len(tests) + 1:
                       csv_header.append(test.__class__.__name__)
                   csv_row.append(calculated_value)
                   fileCount = fileCount + 1
               csv_array.append(csv_row)
           else:
               fileIgnoreCount = fileIgnoreCount + 1

   if options.is_csv:
       csv_array.insert(0,csv_header)
       fileOutput = csv.writer(open(options.is_csv, "wb"))
       fileOutput.writerows(csv_array)

   timeFinish = time.clock()

   # Print some stats
   print "\n[[ Total files scanned: %i ]]" % (fileCount)
   print "[[ Total files ignored: %i ]]" % (fileIgnoreCount)
   print "[[ Scan Time: %f seconds ]]" % (timeFinish - timeStart)

   # Print top rank lists
   rank_list = {}
   for test in tests:
       test.sort()
       test.printer(10)
       for file in test.results:
           rank_list[file["filename"]] = rank_list.setdefault(file["filename"], 0) + file["rank"]

   rank_sorted = sorted(rank_list.items(), key=lambda x: x[1])

   print "\n[[ Top cumulative ranked files ]]"
   count = 10
   if (count > len(rank_sorted)): count = len(rank_sorted)
   for x in range(count):
       print ' {0:>7}{1}'.format(rank_sorted[x][1], rank_sorted[x][0])


Seleccione el script, cópielo y pégalo en un fichero llamado: neopy.py

Dale permisos de ejecución: chmod a+x neopy.py

La mejor forma de ejecutarlo es:

./neopy.py -a /var/www/[html]/sitioweb

El [html] dependerá (si hace falta o no) de tu propia distribución.


Proviene del artículo: Detector de ficheros encriptados, ofuscados y malware.


 

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